Welcome, on this page you’ll find a food forest establishment protocol that’s specifically developed for mediterranean and subtropical climates. In these climates, late fall/winter is the only recommended planting window.

This protocol covers a scenario in which you want a food forest with swales.

The protocol consists of nine tasks executed in this order: 1) Plan the food forest, 2) Define a layout, 3) Site clearing, 4) Test the soil, 5) Site survey, 6) Install swales, 7) Winter cover cropping, 8) Bare Root planting, and 9) Mulching (killing off the cover crops).

This protocol’s main characteristic is that you do earthworks later in the season (late summer-fall), followed by winter cover crops that improve the soil through the late summer/fall and early winter months. You then plant your trees and shrubs, preferably in the winter months after winter cover crops have been growing for a while.


How to make a selection of desirable trees and shrubs for your food forest.

How to choose an appropriate layout for your food forest.

How to do site clearing and remove the existing vegetation.

How to test your soil with just the basic accessories so that you know how to design your swales and earthworks in general.

How to survey your site with both low-tech and high-tech tools so that you can accurately mark the swale outline on the site

How to plan, install and maintain your swales so that you can supply all the water that your food forest will ever need.

How to grow winter cover crops.

How to plant bare root trees and shrubs.

How to mulch planted trees and shrubs.

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